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tPEMF Studies

Studies have been performed to evaluate the impact of SofPulse on pain and narcotic, edema/swelling and angiogenesis.  These studies showed that SofPulse significantly reduced postoperative pain and narcotic, and sped up the natural healing process.



A detailed summary of the studies will be below when you click on the category questions.  

nurses talking in a hospital corridor

Pain and Narcotic Use

Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Interleukin-1ß and Postoperative Pain: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Pilot Study in Breast Reduction Patients

Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Postoperative Pain: A Double-Blind Randomized Pilot Study in Breast Augmentation Patients

Edema and Swelling

Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy on Pain, Inflammation and Edema 10

Studies have also evaluated the effects of SofPulse on post-operative inflammation and rate of tissue repair. In this double-blinded, randomized, sham-controlled study, inflammation was evaluated and quantified by analyzing wound exudates and measuring the level of interleukin (IL)-1ß, which is an objective marker of inflammation.The results showed a 275% reduction in IL-1 ß at 18 hours post-op, compared to the sham cohort. 

Targeted MicroCurrent Therapy has also been studied and validated in standard models for assessing edema and pain. A double blinded, sham-controlled, randomized study was performed at the Indiana University School of Medicine to evaluate the increase in edema after the injection of an inflammatory agent. The results confirm that SofPulse has a significant effect on edema in an animal model which is routinely employed as an accurate predictor of the effect of anti-inflammatory drugs and physical modalities on humans.


Targeted electromagnetic field therapy (tPEMF) has been used successfully in various clinical applications for the treatment of post-surgical pain and edema, chronic wound care and to promote vasodilation and angiogenesis.14

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